#1 Tutorial Pemrograman Web – Menginstall XAMPP Server

Ini adalah tutorial dasar pemrograman web untuk pemula. Membuat sebuah web memerlukan setidaknya beberapa pengetahuan dasar berikut : bahasa pemrograman server (PHP, Phyton, Java, dll); bahasa pemrograman database (MySQL, Oracle, dll); dan bahasa pemrograman Client (HTML, CSS, Javascript, dll).  Pada artikel ini, saya akan memberikan penjelasan mengenai bagaimana kita dapat mempelajari  dan mencoba mempraktekkan semua hal tersebut di komputer kita sendiri menggunakan aplikasi yang bernama XAMPP. Anda dapat mendownloadnya (Windows atau Mac) di sini.

Setelah mendownload XAMPP, install sampai selesai, kemudian buka XAMPP Control Panel. Ada lima service dasar yang disediakan oleh XAMPP : Apache, MySQL, Filezilla, Mercury, Tomcat. Seperti yang telah saya jelaskan sebelumnya, kita membutuhkan Apache dan MySQL Server untuk mulai mempelajari pemrograman server. Program dari Apache dan MySql tersebut nantinya akan dikirimkan ke client untuk menghasilkan program HTML, javascript, CSS, dan bahasa pemrograman client lainnya. Maka, kita langsung saja start service Apache dan MySQL di aplikasi XAMPP yang telah kita jalankan, hingga keduanya berwarna hijau seperti gambar di bawah ini.

Testing Server Apache

  1. Buka browser Anda, ketik localhost di url, kemudian tekan Enter.
  2. Welcome page Apache akan muncul di halaman browser Anda.
  3. Sekarang buka Windows Explorer, kemudian buka folder htdocs di dalam folder XAMPP yang telah kita install. Pada komputer saya, foldernya adalah “D:/xampp/htdocs”.
  4. Buat folder baru di dalam htdocs, namakan folder tersebut dengan “firstcode”.
  5. Buat file baru di dalam folder firstcode bernama index.php
  6. Buka index.php menggunakan notepad, lalu ketik kode berikut :
    <?php echo 'Hello World'; ?>
  7. Buka kembali browser Anda, kemudian ketik : localhost/firstcode pada url, lalu tekan Enter.

Yes, tahap pertama untuk memulai dunia pemrograman web sudah kita lalui. Selanjutnya saya akan membuat post lagi tentang bagaimana kita bisa membuat website sekaligus menjelaskan konsep dasar tentang PHP, HTML, javascript, CSS, and MySQL. Menggunakan semua bahasa pemrograman tersebut, kita dapat membuat website yang sangat powerful untuk membantu kita membuat laporan dan lain sebagainya. So, keep learning and don’t forget to code.


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